Case Study



CASE STUDY: Cubism versus Hyper Realism

In order to complete a case study comparison of Cubism and Hyper–Realism finding a definition of each of these styles was necessary to highlight the differences.

What is Cubism?

Cubist painters such as Picasso and Cezanne rejected the belief that nature alone should be reflected in art.1 Their methods dissected the images into what might be defined as extra-large pixels. This process disassembles the image into these pieces as in a jigsaw puzzle, but reassembles them differently or perhaps randomly without changing the main idea communicated by the work. Cubism lacks traditional foreshortening, perspective and three dimensionality and does not have the finer details in other styles. The cubist style is geometric and very simple.

The work of Picasso reflects the cubist style methods very clearly and is more defined or geometric than that of Cezanne whose style is softer and even more organic. Ironically Cezanne is credited as being the father of Cubism.3

Houses Near l'Estaque. George Braque 1908.

The very name Cubism came from this painting. When the critic Vauxcelles saw this painting he said the houses “look like a bunch of little cubes.” He meant the comment to be insulting but the name Cubism stuck.”3


Picasso: Picasso: Reservoir Horta 1909


Cezanne:Rocky Landscape at Aix


What is Hyper-Realism?

Definition of HYPERREALISM

: realism in art characterized by depiction of real life in an unusual or striking manner.2

Hyper realism is a technique which creates an illusion of reality. This style requires a more detailed integration of the elements of the work. Each element of the work is real in it’s own right but when combined with other elements creates something that has an element of discomfort in it. The elements visually fit together in an extraordinary way but our sub-conscious tells us that something is unreal. This requires more examination to determine what makes it Hyper-Real.


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My Concepts and Comparisons.


Hyper Realism Piece.


White Water Rafting Chicken


This piece contains elements that are each real in their own right. The work can be identified and the viewer can see and understand the concept. It is a very real picture. However when the individual elements are combined into an unexpected environment, one’s subconscious may be uncomfortable with the theme but yet not consciously understand why. This is what makes it Hyper Real in my view.


Cubist Piece.



Bear Mountain State Park Cubist Style

This piece is my interpretation of Cubism. The style has been simplified and has become geometric although it retains its element of nature and yet communicates to the viewer that it is a landscape. The image was manipulated first to represent a painting by adding brushstrokes as well as mirorring the tree line. The image was them disassembled and combined with an additional disassembled landscape. The original image as well as the mirrored tree line was reorganized. The geometric elements of the sky were merged from an additional image to add more interest. In doing so the cloud line was reoriented in some of the elements. Surprisingly enough I was quite satisfied with this piece although initially uncomfortable with the cubist process.


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